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Foundation Board

Hartmut Koschyk – Member of the Foundation Council. State Secretary at the Federal Ministry of Finance. Since 1990, Mr Koschyk is a member of the German Bundestag from the CSU party. He is also a council member of the Federal Foundation for the Reappraisal of the SED Dictatorship, a council member at the Federal Commissioner for the Stasi Archives of the former East Germany and a member of the board of trustees of the Foundation Archives of Parties and Mass Organisations of the GDR. Since 1998, he has been the head of the German-Korean Parliamentary Friendship Group and since 1990 he has been a member of the German-Polish Parliamentary Friendship Group in the Bundestag.
In 1983-1987, Mr Koschyk was the research assistant of the Bundestag member Helmut Sauer from the CDU, while at the same time studying history and political science. In 1987-1991, he was the general secretary of the Federation of Expellees.
In 1990-2002, Mr Koschyk served as the Chairman of the CDU/CSU parliamentary working group on refugees and expellees and the spokesman of the study commission on the history and consequences of the SED dictatorship in Germany and on overcoming the consequences of the SED dictatorship in the process of German reunification. In 2005-2009, he served as the first deputy to the parliamentary secretary of the CDU/CSU parliamentary group in the Bundestag and parliamentary secretary of the Bavarian CSU in the Bundestag.

Martin Kremer (born 1961) studied law and economics. Since 2015 Head of Division for Central Europe at the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Croatia, Austria, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia and Hungary). In the year 1988, Martin Kremer took up his duties in the foreign service. In the years 1990 to 1993 he was a member of the German delegation at the UN Committee on Disarmament in Geneva during deliberations under the Chemical Weapons Convention. From 1994 to 1998 he was officer for economic and currency affairs at the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In the years 1998-2003, he was active at the planning center at the ministry, where he was in charge of German-French and German-Polish planning cooperation. In 2005-2006 he was reappointed to this position. In the period 2003-2005 he was culture officer at the German Embassy in Moscow (“The Year of German Culture in Russia”), and in the years 2006-2009 he headed the scientific section and was a political officer at the Embassy of Germany in London. From 2009 to 2010 member of a scientific group “EU Integration” at the German Foundation for Science and Politics (Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik). In the years 2010-2011 he was the head of the Section for Southeast Asia and Pacific at the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs; until 2015 he was officer for economic policy and the EU internal market. Martin Kremer has a wife and one child.

Prof. Eugeniusz Cezary Król, Ph.D., historian and political scientist, full professor in humanities.In 1969 he graduated from history at the University of Warsaw, where he also received a Ph.D. degree in the year 1976, on the basis of his dissertation entitled Okupant niemiecki wobec szkolnictwa polskiego na terenie Generalnej Guberni w okresie drugiej wojny światowej (1939-1944) [in English: The German occupant on the General Government’s territories during the Second World War (1939-1944)]. At the turn of the 1970s and the 1980s, he cooperated with the Independent Publishing House NOWa. From 1993 to 2016 he worked as an academic and researcher at the Institute of Political Studies of the Polish Academy of Sciences, where he received his postdoctoral degree (habilitation) in 1999 based on the thesis entitled Propaganda i indoktrynacja narodowego socjalizmu w Niemczech 1919-1945 [in English: Propaganda and indoctrination of the National Socialism in Germany of 1919-1945]. In the year 2007 he was granted with professorship of humanities. From 1999 to 2000 he was a visiting professor at the Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz. In the period 2002-2006 he headed the Scientific Center of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Berlin, whereas from 2012 to 2016 he was a director of the Institute of Political Studies of the Polish Academy of Sciences. In the years 2002-2015 lecturer at Collegium Civitas in Warsaw. Currently professor and academic at the Faculty of Management of Visual Culture at the Polish Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw. His book Propaganda i indoktrynacja narodowego socjalizmu w Niemczech 1919-1945 [in English: Propaganda and Indoctrination of the National Socialism in Germany of 1919-1945] was awarded with the Klio Prize (1999 in Warsaw), as well as with the Jan Długosz Prize (2000 in Cracow). His another publication, Polska i Polacy w propagandzie narodowego socjalizmu w Niemczech 1919-1945 [in English: Poland and Poles in the propaganda of the National Socialism in Germany of 1919-1945] was awarded with the Klio Prize (2006 in Warsaw) and the Joachim Lelewel Award (2008 in Warsaw). He has also translated and edited the Polish the selection of Joseph Goebbels’ Diaries (volumes 1-3, published in 2013-2014). Currently he has been working on a critical edition of the Polish version of Adolf Hitler’s Mein Kampf.

Grzegorz Kucharczyk (born in 1969) – professor of humanities, researcher at the Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences (in the years 2005 – 2016 he headed the Center for the History of Germany and Polish-German Relations at the Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences) and at the Jacob of Paradies Academy in Gorzów Wielkopolski. Member of the Board of the Institute for Western Affairs in Poznań. Author of several dozen scientific monographs devoted to the history of Prussia and Germany in the 19th and 20th century, as well as the history of Polish-German relations and the history of political thought. He also deals with the history of 20th century genocides. He has authored among others Prusy, Rosja i kwestia polska w myśli politycznej Constantina Frantza 1817 – 1891 [in English: Prussia, Russia and the Polish Question in the Political Thought of Constantin Frantz 1817-1891] (Warsaw, 1999), Cenzura pruska w Wielkopolsce w okresie zaborów [in English: Prussian Censorship in Greater Poland during the Period of Partitions] (Poznań, 2001), Pierwszy holokaust XX wieku [in English: The First Holocaust of the 20th Century] (Warsaw, 2004), Niemcy i racja stanu. Myśl polityczna Jacquesa Bainville’a [in English: Germany and Raison d’états: Political Thought of Jacques Bainville] (Warsaw, 2005), Hohenzollernowie [in English: The House of Hohenzollern] (Poznań, 2016). He has published his texts in journals, such as: “Zeitschrift für Ostmitteleuropa – Forschung” and „Jahrbuch für die Geschichte Mittel- und Ostdeutschlands”. He has co-authored and edited a multi-volume edition of Historia Prus [in English: The History of Prussia] compiled by the Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences.

Piotr Stefan Łysakowski (born in 1953) – historian, expert in the history of Germany and Poland of the 19th and 20th century. He completed his studies at the University of Warsaw, and his Ph.D. studies at the Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences in the years 1979 – 1984/5 (his Ph.D. thesis was entitled Osobowość Bismarcka jako polityka [in English: The Personality of Bismarck as a Politician), in the years 1984 – 1991 he worked as a lecturer at the Centre for Research of the History of Nazi Occupation in Poland at the Institute for Western Affairs in Poznań; 1991 – 1992 chief specialist for contacts with political parties at the Prime Minister’s Office; 1992 – 1993 chief specialist at the Prime Minister’s Office, the Office of the Plenipotentiary of the Government for Women and Families (where he worked on the establishment of infrastructure to create the German-Polish Youth Office); 1993 – 1998 head of the Department for School Exchange at the German-Polish Youth Office; 1998 – 2003 Managing Director of the German-Polish Youth Office; 1998 – 2003 member of the Selection Panel of the Youth for Europe program, and later of the Youth 2000 program; 2002 – 2003 member of the National Board for European Integration at the Secretary of Committee for European Integration; 2003 – 2005 head of the Office for Historical Exhibitions and Education at the Institute of National Remembrance in Warsaw; 2005 – 2006 Secretary of State at the Ministry of Sports; in 2006 – 2007 he worked as a businessman; 2008 – 2012 Chief Specialist at the Office for Public Education at the Institute of National Remembrance; 2016 – advisor in the political cabinet of the Minister of Foreign Affairs. He has authored a number of publications including the biography of Bismarck and in the field of the history of German-Polish relations, the Katyn questions (member of the Independent Committee for the Examination of the Katyn Massacre until 1992), issues connected to the propaganda of the Third Reich, co-creator of the exhibition entitled Z największą brutalnością – zbrodnie Wehrmachtu... [in English: With the Greatest Brutality: Crimes of the Wehrmacht…], “cursed soldiers”, martyrdom of priests during in the People’s Republic of Poland and the actions of the then Security Services aimed against the Catholic Church; Polish-German youth exchange and the youth exchange in general. His articles are published among others by the “W Sieci Historii” monthly, dailies, weeklies and other magazines and journals; earlier he also wrote for the Polish press in exile. From 2005 member of “Deutsch Polnische Gesellschaft der Bundesrepublik Deutschland e.V.“. awarded with fellowships by such entities as Historische Kommission zu Berlin, Max Planck Instiut für die Geschichte in Göttingen, or Gerda Henkel Stiftung.

Prof. Piotr Madajczyk, Ph.D. (born in 1959), historian and political scientist. From 1990 involved with the Institute of Political Studies of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw. Currently he heads the Department for German Studies, and is active as the editor-in-chief of “Rocznik Polsko-Niemiecki” [in English: “Polish-German Annual”], and a member of the Editorial Board of the “Dzieje Najnowsze” quarterly. Lecturer at the Lazarski University of Warsaw. In the period 2010-2015 he was appointed to the Scientific Council of the “Flucht, Vertreibung, Versöhnung” foundation in Berlin. His scientific interests encompass issues connected to national minorities in Poland, Polish-German relations in the 20th century, forced migrations in Central and Eastern Europe following 1945, and the contemporary history of Poland. He holds lectures and speeches in Poland and in Germany and publishes scientific papers in journals. Apart from his research work, he also publishes historical texts and op-eds on recent events in Germany and in Austria (in such news outlets as PR24, Tokfm, Polish Radio One, Polish Radio Three). His essential works include: Przyłączenie Śląska Opolskiego do Polski 1945-1948 [in English: Incorporation of Opole Silesia to Poland 1945-1948 (1996); Niemcy polscy 1944-1989 [in English: Polish Germans 1944-1989 (2001); Polska jako państwo narodowe. Historia i pamięć [in English: Poland as a Nation State: History and Remembrance (2008, co-authored with D. Berlińska) and Czystki etniczne i klasowe w Europie w XX wieku. Szkice do problemu [in English: Ethnic and Class Cleansing in Europe of the 20th century. Selected essays] (2010).

Markus Meckel – Co-chairman of the Foundation Council
Former Minister of Foreign Affairs in the GDR, pastor. He has a seat on the advisory board and is a Council Chairman of the Federal Foundation for the Reappraisal of the SED Dictatorship whose activity he initiated. He is also a member of board of trustees of the European Network Remembrance and Solidarity. He is involved in European foreign policy and supports democracy. Mr Meckel studied theology in Naumburg and Berlin. Since 1970s, he was involved in activities of the political opposition in the former GDR.
In 1989, he initiated the founding of the Social Democratic Party in the GDR (SPD) together with Martin Gutzeit. In 1990, he served as the acting president of the eastern SPD. After democratic elections, in 1990 he served as a member of the GDR People’s Chamber and the Minister of Foreign Affairs. In 1990-2009, Mr Meckel served as an MP and in 1994-2009 chaired the German-Polish Parliamentary Friendship Group in Bundestag. He was a deputy speaker on foreign affairs of the SPD fraction. In 1998-2006 he was a chairman of the German Delegation in the NATO Parliamentary Assembly and 2000-2002 vice-president of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly.

Thomas Nord. MP to the Bundestag representing Die Linke party. He was born in 1957 in Berlin. In the year 1976, he completed studies in cultural studies. He was active at FDJ and SED. The democratic breakthrough of the year 1989 paved his way to the German social democracy. Thomas Nord dealt with socialist realism, and in the years 1994-1995 he cooperated with Stefan Heym. Initially, he was active in PDS, and currently starting in 1999, he is involved with Die Linke in Brandenburg. From February 2005 to February 2012, he was a president of the party in the State of Brandenburg. In 2009, he was elected for the first time in direct ballot to the Bundestag representing the Die Linke party, whereas in 2013 he was elected again as a candidate from a state list. Since 2012 he has been a member of the party’s management. Starting from 2014, he is the party’s federal treasurer.

Rainder Steenblock – Member of the Foundation Council. Politician of the Alliance '90/The Greens. In 1996-2002, he served as a member of the state government in Schleswig-Holstein. Since 2002, he has been a member of the German Bundestag and in 2005 became the spokesman of the Alliance '90/The Greens on European policy. Since then, he has served as spokesman of the committee on the European Union, spokesman for ports and sea freight, and a deputy member of the committee on foreign affairs (since September 2006). He has also served as a member of the transport, building, and urban development committee, the legal committee / subcommittee on European law and the Parliamentary Assembly of Europe and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. Mr Steenblock studied psychology, pedagogy and political science at the University of Hamburg. In 1976-1994, he worked as an appointed teacher at the Vocational College of Social Pedagogy at the Vocational College of Child Care in Hamburg. In 1983, he joined the party Alliance '90/The Greens and later served as the chairman of the party’s district group in Pinneberg. In 1986-1992, Mr Steenblock was a commune councillor in Halstenbek and the chairman of his party’s fraction in the District’s Council in Pinneberg. In 1992-1994, he served as a speaker of the State Government Alliance '90/The Greens in Schleswig-Holstein and in 1994-1996 served as a member of the German Bundestag. Additionally, in 1996-2000 Mr Steenblock served as the Minister for the Environment, Nature and Forests and as Deputy Prime Minister of the state government of Schleswig-Holstein. In 2000-2002, he served as a member of the Landtag of this federated state.

Wiesław Wawrzyniak (born in 1950 in Sopot) – sociologist and journalist. In the years 1968-1972 he studied sociology at the University of Warsaw. Then, from 1974 to 1977 he continued his education at the Free University of Berlin. In the period 1977 – 78 he studied Soviet studies at Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada. From 1978 editor of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty in Munich, until the radio was closed in 1994. Commentator on national and international issues, in particular Polish-German relations in the “Fakty, Wydarzenia, Opinie” program. In 1991 war correspondent in Slovenia, Croatia and Serbia. From 1987 to 88 Managing Editor and assistant to RWE’s director Marek Łatyński. In 1982 awarded by the management of the Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty for his program entitled “Pomost-Telefon do Kraju” broke the communication blockade of Poland following the introduction of the martial law, which “rose the profile of RFE/RL abroad”. In the years 1998 – 2005 correspondent of the Polish section of the BBC World Service in Germany. From 2006 to 2009 political commentator of the Polish Radio in Berlin. He cooperates with such news outlets as the “Głos Ameryki” radio, TVP, “Rzeczpospolita” daily, Deutsche Welle World TV, “Newsweek Polska” weekly and “Newsweek International”. He was honored with the Officer’s Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta for his „merits for democratization of Poland”.